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Affordable housing for older people

Shared equity schemes increase access to housing and home ownership. 

For the first time, older people will be able to access a range of home ownership schemes offered by the Scottish Government. These can remove the requirement for a mortgage contribution and make older people a priority access group. It can also provide options that brings older people closer to family and care support, and are more affordable and suitable for their needs – including downsizing, or the option to buy a retirement or supported home.
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GLASGOW UNITE CELEBRATES
UN DAY OF OLDER PERSONS

Bringing their voices, instruments and friends! This is precisely what the Glasgow Unite Retired Members’ and the Glasgow Community Branches did on Saturday 30th September to celebrate the annual United Nations International Day of Older Persons. The theme of this year’s big day was “Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society.” Unite members came together under the banners, “Older Persons’ Day” and “Hands off our Bus Passes” to illustrate the value of the travel concession in promoting and strengthening the participation of older people in community and civic life. Held in the Sauchiehall Street pedestrian precinct, one of Glasgow’s major business and commercial districts, the event attracted a huge number of local residents and visitors in the area.
Speakers addressed the crowds on issues affecting both young and old and the value of strong trade union involvement in civic life. Local musicians were on hand providing entertainment, while Unite members interacted with the public and distributed information leaflets. The centrepiece of the event consisted of petitions drawn up to demand that the Scottish Government must continue its programme of concessionary travel. The public very much supported this initiative. Hundreds of signatures supporting the travel scheme were collected to be forwarded to Holyrood.
Bus passes, and other concessionary programmes, have enabled both demographic groups to overcome many of the barriers that exclude them from active involvement in the political or cultural life of their local communities. Concessionary travel is an important pathway in minimising social isolation, a devastating aspect of life affecting many older residents in Scotland, especially those living in the vast rural areas of the country. In addition, thousands of jobs throughout Scotland in the transportation and food sectors, to name just two, would be lost if the scheme is either reduced or withdrawn.
The United Nations General Assembly designated 01 October as the International Day of Older Persons in December of 1990. Human rights remain the focus of all UN efforts regarding older people. According to the agency, by 2050 over 20 per cent of the world’s population will be 60 years of age or older. As well as the needs and challenges of an ageing population, the contributions that the older generations can continue to make to society, if supportive programmes are in place, must not be overlooked.

(Click here for pictures and video)
Anita Shelton
Unite Glasgow Retired Members’ Branch

Mobirise

Pension Draw Down

WARNING - You will be taxed

Reproduced from the Sunday Herald. by Iona Bain

CHANCELLOR Philip Hammond may have been forced to backtrack on his Budget tax rises for the self-employed, but another Conservative policy on personal finance remains firmly in place.
Since April 2015, people aged 55 and over have been able to withdraw lump sums from their pensions, with 25 per cent tax-free and the rest taxed as income. However, it has emerged that the pension freedoms introduced by previous chancellor George Osborne have become something of a money-spinner for HM Revenue & Customs, while the majority of those approaching retirement are not even aware they will be able to get free help to avoid incurring unnecessary tax charges.

Figures published in the Budget show that taxes levied on those withdrawing money from a defined contribution (DC) pension at retirement generated £1.5 billion in taxes during the 2015/16 financial year, five times more than the £300 million figure expected by the Treasury when the policy was unveiled in the 2014 Budget.
This tax year, the policy will have raised a further £1.1bn for HMRC’s coffers, nearly double the £600m estimated, and the Chancellor now expects the freedoms to bring in £5.1bn by April 2019, compared to the original forecast of just over £3bn.

The tax bonanza is down to huge numbers of people taking out larger chunks of their life savings than was previously possible through an annuity - which sees pensioners swap their retirement savings for an income for life - and failing to spread their withdrawals, as the Treasury expected.
Richard Parkin, head of pensions policy at Fidelity International, said: “There are three reasons that the Treasury has done so well. More people have accessed their money than expected, they’ve done it sooner and they’ve paid tax at a higher rate than expected.”

Any amount withdrawn from a pension pot is treated as income in that tax year. So a worker on a salary of £30,000 who then withdraws £30,000 from their pension pot ends up paying a higher marginal tax rate on £9,500 of that money, leaving them with a tax bill of £6,400. By contrast, taking £15,000 in one tax year and £15,000 in the next would leave them in the basic rate tax band, incurring just £4,500 and saving £1,900.
Mr Parkin said many pensioners are not aware that they can stagger their withdrawals over several tax years. “This ultimately means leaving more invested and growing more tax-free cash for the future,” he said.

Steve Lowe, group communications director at pensions firm Just, said: “The problem is that we really don't know if this is starting to turn into a major problem or not. There are no systems in place to look across people's pensions in aggregate, so we have little idea of who is taking the money and what they are doing with it.”
Research from Citizens Advice last year showed that a third of pensioners are simply withdrawing their pension savings and shifting their retirement nest-egg into a bank account.

This is not only an unwise move because it could result in people incurring an unnecessarily large income tax charge, but because bank deposits count towards an estate for inheritance tax purposes and the move could reduce any entitlement to welfare payments, such as housing benefit. Cash sitting in a savings account is also at the mercy of poor rates and rising inflation, shrinking the real value of the money over time.
Patrick Connolly from financial advisory business Chase de Vere said: “The pensions industry has been very supportive of pension freedoms. However, with more choice and more flexibility always comes more complexity. The decisions people make with their pensions are often too important to get wrong and so if they want to use different options, and don’t fully understand what they’re doing, then they should take independent financial advice.”

From April this year, any worker aged over 55 will be given access to free professional financial advice about what to do with their pension, up to the value of £1,500, under the Pensions Advice Allowance. At the same time, the Government will be offering tax breaks for employers who offer pensions advice in the workplace.
However, the majority of those approaching retirement have not heard of these initiatives and have no intention of taking professional financial advice, according to research from insurer LV=. As a result, the company has warned of a “mis-buying” crisis that can only be solved if the Government, regulators and pensions industry do more to promote the value of financial advice. 

It has called on watchdog the Financial Conduct Authority to make it far clearer in risk warnings provided alongside product sales at retirement that consumers will lose out if they do not get professional help. It also hopes that a new public advice body, proposed by the Government last year and currently in the consultation stages, will be compelled to signpost consumers towards financial advice.
In the meantime, Mr Parkin has urged those hitting crunch point to shelter withdrawals in their personal allowance, which will go up to £11,500 in the next tax year.

“One important thing to flag is that this does limit what you can put back in your pension,” he said. “From April 2017, the old limit of £10,000 [the money purchase annual allowance] will fall to £4,000 per year. So be careful.”

Women's Pensions

It is vitally important that women, who were born in the 1950s, and who may be partners, children, relatives, friends and/or colleagues, be informed about changes to pension arrangements likely to affect them. 
The WASPI website is www.waspi.co.uk (or, you can simply type waspi into your search engine). WASPI is also active on Facebook. For those who may not be familiar with the WASPI Campaign, from their website is the following information:
“We are a campaign group that fights the injustice done to all women born in the 1950s affected by the changes to the State Pension Law (1995/2011 Acts).
The 1995 Conservative Government’s Pension Act included plans to increase women’s SPA (State Pension Age) to 65, the same as men’s. WASPI agrees with equalisation, but does not agree with the unfair way the changes were implemented—with little/no personal notice (1995/2011 Pension Acts), faster than promised (2011 Pension Act), and no time to make alternative plans. Retirement plans have been shattered with devastating consequences…  
THE AIM OF THE CAMPAIGN IS: TO ACHIEVE FAIR TRANSITIONAL STATE PENSION ARRANGEMENTS FOR ALL WOMEN BORN IN THE 1950’S AFFECTED BY THE CHANGES TO THE STATE PENSION LAW (1995/2011 ACTS).
This translates into a ‘bridging’ pension to provide an income until State Pension Age—not means-tested and with compensation for losses for those women who have already reached their SPA… We do not ask for the pension age to revert back to age 60.”
The website includes State Pension Age Timetables for use to calculate if or how a woman could be involved. Across the United Kingdom some 2.6 million women are affected by the changes—750,000 in Scotland.
By telephone, e-mail or in person, every woman affected MUST contact her MP to state how the inequality brought about by the changes will affect or already has affected her. This most likely will be the financial effect upon her and her family. Of course, groups can protest on behalf of women to support the cause, but each woman herself must indicate how she has been individually affected in order to increase pressure upon Parliament.